Cytotechnologists are skilled healthcare professionals who use microscopes to examine human cell samples to look for cancer, pre-cancerous lesions, infections and other diseases. Using subtle clues in the cells themselves (changes in size, shape, structure and pattern) cytotechnologists evaluate the presence or absence of specific diseases and determine which cases warrant further review by a pathologist (a physician trained in cell interpretation). The Pap test, a sample taken from the cervix, is the most common type of specimen submitted to a cytology laboratory. Cytotechnologists may also be involved in the evaluation of cell samples from other body sites such as lung, bladder, liver, breast and thyroid. Physicians use the test results to diagnose and treat a wide variety of human diseases.
Salary Range: $58,926 – $84,056
Salary Notes: Cytotechnologists earn an average salary of about $62,440 per year. Supervisory positions are available and usually come with higher salaries.
Where you can study:
Albany College of Pharmacy & Health Sciences , Albany, NY
University of Massachusetts Dartmouth , Dartmouth, MA
University of Rhode Island, Providence , RI
University of Vermont Medical Center , Burlington, VT
Where you might work:
– Clinics – Government Facilities – Hospitals – Private Laboratories
Job Outlook: The demand for cytotechnologists is about average in Vermont, although it is higher in other parts of the country.
Education, Licensing and Certification: High school course work should include an emphasis on math and science. A bachelor of science (BS) and a cytotechnology certificate are required to work as a cytotechnologist. Certification in this field is available from the American Society of Clinical Pathologists (ASCP).
American Society for Cytotechnology  800-948-3947
American Society of Cytopathology  302-543-6583